Types of Genetic Counseling

Why See a Genetic Counselor?

Genetic counselors are specially trained healthcare professionals that are experts in genetic medicine.  Many different types of people in a variety of situations can benefit from a visit with a genetic counselor.  To find a genetic counselor, go to http://www.findageneticcounselor.com/ or contact us. Here are some of the most common reasons why a meeting with a genetic counselor could be recommended:


  • Individuals generally meet with both a medical geneticist and genetic counselor for a genetic evaluation and consultation
  • Children who have a personal history of:
    • A birth defect
    • Intellectual or learning disability
    • Developmental delay
    • Failure to thrive
    • Autism
    • Hearing/visual impairment
    • Metabolic disorder
    • Progressive neurological condition/movement disorder
    • Physical and/or cognitive impairments that are suggestive of a specific genetic syndrome



Individuals who have a personal or family history of an adult-onset genetic condition including:

  • Cardiology (unexplained sudden cardiac death, unexplained cardiomyopathy, congenital heart defect)
  • Neurology (Huntington Disease, ALS, frontotemporal dementia)
  • Hematologic conditions (bleeding/clotting disorders)


Individuals who have:

  • A personal/family history of early onset cancer
  • Multiple generations of cancer in their family
  • A personal/family history of bilateral or rare cancers

Please visit the Georgia Cancer Genetics Network website for more information about cancer genetic counseling as well as cancer genetic counselors in Georgia – Click Here.


Individuals or couples who are pregnant or planning on becoming pregnant who have:

  • A personal or family history of multiple pregnancy losses
  • A personal or family history of infertility
  • A chance of being a carrier of a genetic condition based on ethnicity
  • A risk to have a child with a genetic condition or birth defect based on family history or maternal age
  • An abnormal prenatal screen result, ultrasound finding, or newborn screening result